Internet of Things for Healthcare Management
The internet of things has numerous applications in healthcare, from remote monitoring to smart sensors and medical device integration. It has the potential to not only keep patients safe and healthy, but to improve how physicians deliver care as well. Healthcare IoT can also boost patient engagement and satisfaction by allowing patients to spend more time interacting with their doctors.
But healthcare IoT isn't without its obstacles. The number of connected devices and the tremendous amount of data they collect can be a challenge for hospital IT to manage. There is also the question of how to keep all of that data secure, especially if it is being exchanged with other devices.
There is a need to integrate current applications of healthcare IoT, including how it's being used in hospitals in different countries. Some of the challenges of IoT in healthcare, such as the need to manage multiple connected devices and a lack of interoperability with EHR systems allows IoT to be deployed as an integrator. The future of healthcare IoT, including how physicians and nurses can turn IoT data into actions will undoubtedly be the next phase of IoT
Internet of Things for Water Management
You've undoubtedly heard at some point how important it is to conserve water. Don't run the water while you're brushing your teeth, don't let the shower run when you're not in it, etc. This becomes even more important in states such as California, where droughts are seemingly perpetual. And furthermore, water conservation is necessary for smart homes and smart cities to exist and function efficiently.
As a result, smart water management is growing in popularity, as it gives consumers the ability to easily monitor their water consumption and provides useful information to the public.
These smart water sensors track water quality, temperature, pressure, consumption, and more. These devices typically communicate directly with a water utility company, which uses software to analyze the data and then returns it to the consumer in an easy-to-understand format. Users can then understand how their consumption compares to city averages, previous months, and more.
Another option is water leak detectors, which are useful for anyone who has had a faulty pipe or leaking appliance in their home at some point.
As these devices grow in popularity, several companies have begun bringing smart water sensors to market. Utilities IoT companies all have smart water sensors or water leak detectors available for purchase.
IoT for The Energy Sector
As stated earlier, smart meters have become the most popular IoT device for utility and energy companies. And that popularity will only grow in the coming years.
BI Intelligence, Business Insider's premium research service, estimates that the global installed base of smart meters will increase from 450 million in 2015 to 930 million in 2020, which would mark a compound annual growth rate of 15%. Total smart meter installations will grow to 134 million by 2020.
These devices allow users to track their energy consumption in much the same way that water sensors do, and this monitoring also has a significant financial effect. BI Intelligence expects utility companies to save $157 billion by 2035 by using smart meters.
The IoT has also started to transform the oil and gas industry, as more than 62% of executives in these businesses around the world plan to increase their investments in digital technology in the next three to five years. This is a smart play, as one connected oil well can produce 500,000 data points every 15 seconds to give oil companies unprecedented understanding of how their wells are performing.
This technology has already started to bear fruit, as the IoT has increased U.S. oil production by 283% since 2015, with a far more efficient production per rig. BI Intelligence expects IoT devices in use on oil extraction sites to grow from 346,000 in 2015 to 4.96 million in 2020.
This year, an estimated five billion consumer objects worldwide will become "smart"—connected to the internet—with 25 billion predicted by 2021. For those still unaware, this expanding network of physical objects connected wirelessly to Internet is what makes up the Internet of Things. They are objects which can be used for an endless list of uses (think cars, heaters, door-locks etc.), but all share the talent of being capable of sharing data seamlessly across the Internet of Things by chattering away over the airwaves to one another. For consumers who fall within its wireless omnipotence, the Internet of Things brings countless benefits which are already being felt: the ability to transition seamlessly across devices, being able to control home security from the poolside, or turning up the heat at home whilst on the evening commute, to name a few common examples2.
There are huge benefits for businesses too, for example in the Retail industry it is becoming increasingly common for warehouses and dispatch processes to be performed by robots leading to significant supply chain improvements. Just last month, British companies are using Robotic Process Automation software to list on the AIM, as further evidence that big businesses are more than willing to bring big-data, AI and the Internet of Things into their operations. Is it reasonable to think that we deduce some sort of value from even the most mundane objects by connecting them to the Internet of Things? Even something as uninteresting as the bin perhaps?
The Smart Bin
The Bin. Not the recycling bin shortcut that sits castaway in the top left-hand corner of your desktop, but our humble trash can, the unglamorous garbage container, the distant descendant of the first municipal landfill established on the outskirts of Athens in 400 B.C. A cursory glance would show that the technology and engineering of the bin has changed very little in the past centuries other than maybe our decision making processes around its use: considering whether our rubbish is recyclable or non-recyclable, and putting it into the appropriate compartment. Does the evolution bin have anything more to add?
Smart Bins can be given other functionalities too to enable them to become another part of the Smart City. In London, for example, advertising firm Renew used their Smart Recycling Bins to track mobile devices via Wi-Fi as their owners moved throughout the city of London in order to sell tailored advertising opportunities4. Across the pond in New York, waste management firms developed their own Smart Bin which tracks how full it is, this then notifies which bins need collecting and emptying and which do not, giving actionable data that drives operational effectiveness. These bins essentially are able to calculate their own remaining capacity and share this information with cleaning crews, on their network, who then allocate and dispense resources only when there is a necessitated requirement. This kind of Smart Bin is also currently being trialed in Bangkok.
The major objectives for IoT are the creation of smart environments /spaces and self-aware things (for example: smart transport, products, cities, buildings, rural areas, energy, health, living, etc.) for climate, pest control, food, energy, mobility, digital society and health applications”
At the city level, the integration of technology and quicker data analysis will lead to a more coordinated and effective civil response to security and safety (law enforcement and blue light services); higher demand for outsourcing security capabilities. At the building level, security technology will be integrated into systems and deliver a return on investment to the
end-user through leveraging the technology in multiple applications (HR and time and attendance, customer behaviour in retail applications etc.). There will be an increase in the development of “Hygiene” environment which have low (and possibly zero) intrusions. They will also be connected to other IoT ecosystems infrastructure. Additionally, smart cities will adopt more use of “Smart” materials.
Footnote: Predictive detection and maintenance before a part breaks or a failure occurs so parts can be swapped out at the next port of call avoiding operational down time and costly delays deployment of cleaning and rescue teams in an emergency case.
All these reduces wastes, manpower and time resources.